The campaigning and voting periods were reported as organised and peaceful, in spite of some. The outcome of this November’s election will be crucial to Palau’s response to the economic crisis, as whoever will win the polls will be confronted by the impacts of COVID-19 well beyond 2020. All rights reserved. (2020 Referendum - Updated with Results) In 2012, we reported on Puerto Rico's chances at becoming the a state of the US, after the territory's people sort of voted for that . He has not been a political leader or served in government administration, although he played a vital role in the peace talks which ended the conflict. “The referendum was a turning point…looking at all the 25 candidates, people were looking for who could deliver and successfully talk about Independence [with the PNG Government],” Aloysius Laukai, Manager of the local New Dawn FM radio station, told IPS. Bougainville's youth pursue break from bloody past at presidential vote. The vote also starts just days after Bougainville registered its first confirmed Covid-19 case when a young student flew into Buka from the mainland.. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Looking ahead, economic experts claim that, with a weak economy and heavy dependence on international aid and funding from the national government, Bougainville would face a long period of transition to being an economically viable state, potentially up to 20 years. Toroama also faces huge public expectations to bring about the region’s long held dream of Independence. This comes as PNG has now recorded over 200 cases of Covid-19 and 3 people have died. Ishmael Toroama is set to lead the Autonomous Territory independence talks in eastern Papua New Guinea. While also a pro-Independence advocate, Momis, a former Roman Catholic priest with extensive experience in peacetime politics, is a contrasting figure to Toroama. IPS is an international communication institution with a global news agency at its core, At the September 22 primary election, two of the four presidential candidates vying for the presidential post won the opportunity to face each other at the November 3 general elections. This national electoral calendar for the year 2020 lists the national/federal direct elections that were and are scheduled to be held in 2020 in all sovereign states and their dependent territories. Toroama also faces huge public expectations to bring about the region’s long held dream of Independence. The islands of Bougainville were brought under the umbrella of the new Papua New Guinean nation in 1975. There is no deadline for this process, but Toroama has indicated he would like a decision reached within two to three years. Copyright © 2020 IPS-Inter Press Service. Toroama, who defeated 24 other presidential candidates, is a strategic choice. In parliamentary elections, 39 nonpartisan members are elected. Credit: Catherine Wilson/IPS. As for the presidential election results, official results announced by the NEC give incumbent CCM presidential candidate, John Magufuli, 84 percent, up from 58 percent in 2015. However, the decisive result of last year’s referendum is non-binding. Former President John Momis, who has led Bougainville for the past 10 years and been a prominent local political leader and figure of stability for more than four decades, bowed out of the race, having served the maximum two terms in office. Toroama is still more than 13,000 votes ahead of the second-placed candidate Fr Simon Dumarinu, while former Bougainville president James Tanis found himself eliminated. “The referendum was a turning point…looking at all the 25 candidates, people were looking for who could deliver and successfully talk about Independence [with the PNG Government],” Aloysius Laukai, Manager of the local New Dawn FM radio station, told IPS. Alluding to the stakes ahead, Momis called for unity as voters turned out to cast their ballots from Aug. 12 to Sept. 1. Aspirations for self-determination in the region pre-date both the civil war and PNG’s Independence. The 2015 presidential and parliamentary election was held in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville between 11 May and 25 May 2015. pic.twitter.com/pZStKQ62S4, – Joseph Nobetau (@JosephNobetau) September 23, 2020. Bougainville’s fourth government will face enormous challenges in the next five-year term to build a weak economy, improve governance and the capacity of institutions, all still in need of reconstruction and development following widespread destruction on the islands during the conflict. Last year’s non-binding independence ballot was part of the peace process that ended the conflict, although competing claims remain over development rights for the long-closed mine. “I look forward to working with President-Elect Toroama in progressing consultations on the outcome of the recent referendum and securing long term economic development and a lasting peace for the people of Bougainville,”, Post-War Truth and Justice Still Elusive in Bougainville, Bougainville Women Turn Around Lives of ‘Lost Generation’, A Peaceful Decade but Pacific Islanders Warn Against Complacency, Marape said in a statement issued soon after the election results were announced, Indigenous Leaders want Traditional Knowledge to be Centrepiece of New Global Biodiversity Framework, A Pakistani Farmer is Using Technology to Stop Agricultural Exploitation, Uganda’s School Plan for Refugee Children Could Become a Global Template, Education Cannot Wait. Last week the election results in Papua New Guinea’s autonomous region of Bougainville were announced. The seat was left vacant after sitting member Joe Lera resigned to contest the Autonomous Bougainville Government presidential election which was conducted earlier this year. Geraldine Valei, Executive Officer of the Bougainville Women’s Federation, offered another perspective on the overwhelming support Toroama received at the ballot box. You have entered an incorrect email address! Thailand: Finance Minister Predee Daochai resigns. The National Independent Electoral Commission released the final vote count of the presidential election. All rights reserved. The new President was a commander in the Bougainville Revolutionary Army, a guerrilla force which instigated an armed uprising following grievances about the environmental devastation and economic inequity associated with the foreign-owned Panguna mine. However, the decisive result of last year’s, PNG’s Prime Minister, James Marape, has voiced his support and respect for the process ahead and the wishes of the Bougainville people. With counting of the northern votes happening through the weekend, Toroama has established a buffer of more than 2200 votes over second placed Father Simon Dumarinu. By-elections are excluded, though national referendums are included. Ishmael Toroama continues to extend his lead in the race for the Bougainville Presidential seat. Talks at the national level will be informed by input from local forums in Bougainville, comprising representatives of communities, ex-combatants, business leaders, women and youths. This is an updated and expanded version of that article, fully revised for next week's new Puerto Rico statehood referendum. “I look forward to working with President-Elect Toroama in progressing consultations on the outcome of the recent referendum and securing long term economic development and a lasting peace for the people of Bougainville,” Marape said in a statement issued soon after the election results were announced. - Terms & Conditions. Following an almost unanimous 97.7 percent referendum vote in November of last year for Independence from PNG, the people of Bougainville returned to the polls last month to decide on a new government. No matter who will be the president or members of the 39-seat House of Representatives, a daunting task awaits – meaningfully progressing last December’s 97.7% vote for independence. Toroama is on the verge of holding talks for independence.The general election was the first since Bougainville voted overwhelmingly to separate from Papua New Guinea late last year, with Toroama beating an open field, Bougainville’s electoral commissioner said. [2] Acting electoral commissioner Simon Sinai confirmed that the Government had approved K15 million for the by-election and preparations were progressing well in collaboration with the Bougainville Electoral Commission. Toroama is sworn in on September 25. Bougainville, a group of lush, mineral-rich islands in the South Pacific, has undergone little development since the end of a decade-long civil war that claimed the lives of 20,000 people in 1998. Specific dates are given where these are known. “The reason why we say that he is the right person is because, in our Melanesian way of resolving conflicts, if you start the war then you are the one to resolve it,” Valei told IPS, adding that, “he [Toroama] will, of course, need support from very good advisors to lead as President.”. From the outset, it seemed like a repetition of the 2016 presidential election. Guinea-Conakry’s Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) announced on Saturday the victory of President Alpha Conde in the elections of October 18 with 59.49% of the votes, against 33.50% of his rival, Cellou Dalein Diallo, whose party had already denounced "large-scale fraud". Copyright © 2020 IPS-Inter Press Service. As of count 102, the former Revolutionary Leader is leading the pool of 25 candidates with 12, 562 votes. It is hoped the results will be announced by the middle of September. But they are geographically located far from the PNG mainland and the islanders trace their ethnic and cultural kinship instead to the Solomon Islands, an archipelago to the immediate southeast of Bougainville. Papua New Guinea: In presidential elections in Bougainville held from August 12 to September 1, Ishmael Toroama wins with 61.4% of the vote against 38.6% for Simon Dumarinu after the final elimination of other candidates. The islands of Bougainville, with a population of about 300,000 people, are located more than 900 kilometres east of the PNG mainland. September 15, 2020. Mr Toroama has led the presidential count tally since counting began for the top post in the region. Bougainville, a group of lush, mineral-rich islands in the South Pacific, has undergone little development since the end of a decade-long civil war that claimed the lives of 20,000 people in 1998. He will be supported in a caretaker government for the next two weeks by his new Vice President, Patrick Nisira, MP for Halia constituency in North Bougainville, and Therese Kaetavara, Women’s Representative for South Bougainville. About 200,000 eligible voters would participate.” There are 410 polling teams: South Bougainville 120, North Bougainville 172 and Central Bougainville 118. By contrast, the leading opposition presidential candidate, Tundu Lissu, a mere 13 percent, down from 40 percent for the lead 2015 candidate, Edward Lowassa. President-elect Ishmael Toroama after being declared the winner of the #Bougainville Presidential #election . As part of the efforts aimed at protecting the votes of the electorate in Nigeria, as well as the mandate of political candidates, the Nigerian Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has announced that it has set up a dedicated public portal, known as “The INEC Result Viewing (IReV),” where Nigerians can view election results, live, from polling units. Former President John Momis, who has led Bougainville for the past 10 years and been a prominent local political leader and figure of stability for more than four decades, bowed out of the race, having served the maximum two terms in office. The field then mushroomed into an unprecedented more than 400 candidates vying for 40 parliamentary seats and 25 hopefuls for the presidency. Laukai claims that “the election was conducted well” and widely accepted as free and fair. 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