This case caused an investigation by a special commission to see whether the brutality was extensive within the police force (Engel, 2008). There have been several issues concerning the policies that underline the use of force within the field of law enforcement. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Other studies report similar statistics. The war mentality impulses are to do certain things that would not be allowed under normal conditions. These include: is the use of force justified, has the officer been properly trained to use force, and Please click this link to view samples of our professional work witten by our professional essay writers. Several key points could have been operationalized differently. The police are also equipped with different types of tools which they can use. The video shows deputies as they escorted the girl into the holding cell, when the deputies asked her to remove her shoes, and, as she slipped out of her left shoe, she appeared to kick it at the deputy. A quantitative analysis appr… These types of force include verbal commands or persuasion, physical force (unarmed), force using weapons that are non lethal, force that involves using weapons such as the bean bag gun or taser, and lastly, deadly force. Variation in the Use of Force Amongst Police Departments The use of force has been around since policing began, although the rules for its use have changed overtime. It has many civilians concerned about the amount of force that police officers are applying in most encounters with the people in different situations. Police use of force is a tool that is taught to every Officer to help diffuses a situation, it is not meant to do harm, but to ensure the safety of the Officer and the people that are involved in the situation. Sometimes, a situation is unpredictable and a decision needs to be made in a split second. Police officers should fall under these same set of rules, they should be used as deterrence so other officers will not commit this same crime in the future. One major concern with the amount of discretion officers have is their power to decide when to use force or, “Use of force refers to the amount of effort required by police to compel compliance by an unwilling subject. The term refers to an abuse of authority from the part of law enforcement personnel who, while performing their official duties, end up unnecessarily using excessive force to restore order. In some circumstances, the police have to use force as a way of addressing the situations. VAT Registration No: 842417633. According to the National Institute of Justice, use of force is described as, “amount of effort required by police to compel compliance by an unwilling subject” (NIJ). To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! But, if the robber battered someone in the process of the robbery the policeman could. More to the point is an understanding of the “improper” use of force, which can be divided into two categories: “unnecessary” and “excessive.” The unnecessary use of force would be the application of force where there is no justification for its use, while an excessive use of force would be the application of more force than required where use of force is necessary (pg3).”, According to Alpert & Smith (1994), “a major cause of overuse of force, possibly leading to police brutality is the belief that police officers are “soldiers” in a “war” on crime. Police Use Of Force Essay 804 Words | 4 Pages. They carry a baton, tasers, handcuffs, guns and they also have police dogs. There are some groups that support police and there use of force. Police Use Of Force Essay. When criminals are no so cooperative, the first step would be verbal commands, going forward the next stage to detain a criminal, would be the compliance hold which means applying physical force, which may be followed by the use of non-lethal weapons such as the baton or tasers. He could do this because there was a clear threat of danger to himself or to another officer or human being. In some rare cases there are Officers that abuse their power and with the use of excessive use of force on individuals is an issue, Officers not thinking of what the effects it has on the victim, the … The essay concludes with a proposed research agenda should national data become available through pending … This essay briefly examines the history of calls to improve police practices through collecting national use of force data and then offers a practical solution based on rational-technical theory of organizations with a brief analysis of a new promising, but limited, data set. Study for free with our range of university lectures! In 2016 Baton Rouge man, Alton Sterling was killed do to Police officers use of excessive force. The force situation acts as an alarm signal that triggers the stress response. Police Use of Force Essay 2187 Words | 9 Pages. One may say officers charges are exonerated because; when officers are placed in a precocious situation they use their knowledge of past precedent to be excused with their force actions which may be excessive aggression. The levels, or continuum, of force police use include officer presence, basic verbal and physical … The public, as well as the police, understand that in some situations, force is not only necessary and unavoidable, but is required, if serious injury, death or destruction of property is to be avoided (pg136).”. Most agencies tightly control the use of force, and supervisors or internal affairs units routinely review serious incidents.” (). Ironically, there have been dozens of studies on police and the use of force and research concluded that there is no single accepted definition. When dealing with civilian suspects and the amount of force a police can apply during an arrest it places them in a very shaky situation. All in all, one may view the use of force as a glass half empty, and some view the glass half full, which simply states it all depends on how you look at the situation. From news to social media there 's always a recent relevant story/ case on police officers use of force. According to uslegal.com, “Police brutality is a civil rights violation that occurs when a police officer acts with excessive force by using an amount of force with regards to a civilian that is more than necessary.” This type of force on someone is a violation of a person 's rights. Situations may be similar or seem to mirror one another, but no situation is the same. Established during an era of soaring violence, when riots were commonplace and when social divisions cleaved cities into competing neighborhoods, American policemen, in Chicago and elsewhere, faced a daunting task. It … There is no clear definition of use of force because the terms are subjective. However, police officers must learn to use force lawfully. Many early studies utilized official report statistics to measure the outcome of the variables use of force and excessive use of force. There were 8,148 reported incidents of police use of force in which the contributors (police departments) included racial descriptions for officers and suspects. In certain ways it is similar to the military rules of engagement. Police Use of Force and Ethics Law enforcement dates back to the 1700’s and is yet considered a fairly modern social establishment. Stress is a state of psychological tension. Police officers are rarely reprimanded; if the officer is charged with excessive use of force the charges are nearly exonerated. In 1977, the Police Foundation conducted a seven-city study of shooting incidents by police. The procedural justice model of policing, which emphasizes transparency, explaining policing actions, and responding to community concerns, has been identified as a strategy for decreasing the number of interactions in which civilians experience disrespectful treatment or the unjustified use of force. Notorious cases of police brutality have called for a special commission to investigate whether brutality was widespread in the police forces. 18th Jul 2018 Therefore, the amount of force a police officer uses does not solely depend on him or herself, but his or her discretion. This source makes it clear that force should be used in only the minimum amount needed to achieve a legitimate purpose. Police enforce social order through the legitimized use of force. Some people believe police should not have the power to use force, no matter what the circumstances may be. It can also be described as police use of force essay. … Force that police tend to use on subjects that pose a threat has become an escalating issue in society today as we know it. These events are very alarming but what is more alarming is the amount of times officers are exonerated for their actions. The unnecessary use of force use the police officers is referred to as police use of excessive force and police brutality. Rules on police use of force are spread across statutory instruments and the common law. The cities included Birmingham, Alabama; Detroit, Michigan; Indianapolis, Indiana Kansas City, Missouri; Oakland, California; Portland, Oregon; and Washington, D.C. Hormonal discharges, such as the secretion of corticotrophin-releasing factor, adrenocorticotropic hormone, corti… Under the 1967 Criminal Law Act: A person may use such force as is reasonable in the circumstances in the prevention of crime, or in effecting or assisting in the lawful arrest of offenders or suspected offenders or of persons unlawfully at large. Criminology The main goal for an officer is to keep criminals off the streets and to try and maintain a safe environment for people to live. When these items are used inappropriately or excessively one may say this is using an excessive amount of force. Company Registration No: 4964706. Some police do follow the guidelines for using force. In 2016, the Police Executive Research Forum, a national organization of police officials, issued recommendations on use of force that provide a “guardian” model for policing. it is a police officer’s job to keep order and peace. Despite this, use of force is still a constant problem in policing. The use of force is inevitable in police work. Police officers are given a significant amount of discretion simply due to the nature of the job. POLICE POWER & AUTHORITY: THE USE OF EXCESSIVE FORCE Julio E. Negron Professor James McDonald Tuesday & Thursday 8:30-9:45 am The use of excessive force by police organizations around the world as a crime control mechanism has been widely criticized and debated for many years. Racial resentment as measured by two criteria developed by the, In most cases the police is permitted to use any form of necessary force to suppress a suspected criminal with minimal consequences if they use excessive force (“Police Use Of Force”). Offering surcharging police use of force essay what contraclockwise knockdown-dragout palatial, good ways to start an essay about yourself a hood's beholding themselves loungers tycoons for crush homework police use of force essay help math websites. The research designed I would perform for this study would be the evaluative survey research method, in the sense that seeks to determine what is the proper meaning of use of force. Introduction Police brutality comes in many different forms and ways with the clearest form being physical, the other forms include improper use of tasers, political repression, racial profiling, police corruption, sexual abuse, psychological intimidation, false arrests, and verbal abuse. This gives the police leeway as to when force is necessary and when it is not, within certain guidelines. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Keywords: use of force essay, police deadly force There have been several issues concerning the policies that underline the use of force within the field of law enforcement. Police officers have the right to use discretion and can use force whenever they deem necessary, but consequently, Abstract Unfortunately, when the police apply their own discretion in the use of force, the outcomes of this approach may end in fatalities or serious injuries. The purpose of these models is to clarify, both for officers and citizens, the complex subject of use of force by law officers. When people know that a police officer is present at the spot or near at hand, they will be much more hesitant to perform unlawful actions. Why I Want To Be A Police Officer Essay. Also, according to International Association of Chiefs of Police (2001), one of the most publicly debated aspects of police use of excessive force during the last year, is the racial characteristic of participants in use of force encounters. Police use of force is a topic that is heavily debated on because there is not a single set definition of the use of force, even with the research that has been done with this topic they still have not come up with a single definition. They went on to note, “The lack of systematic, centralized data collection in many departments inhibits the rational development of new policies, training programs, and enforcement procedures (Bazley, Lersch, & Mieczkowski, 2006). This causes questions to be raised, why is it that law enforcement officers get special treatment? Every situation that possibly involves the use of force is unique. Police must take the precise course of action to fit the circumstance, because if they are too lenient or to forceful, even when dealing with the pettiest things, they can be chastised by superiors and the public. The quick decision may to be to take a person down physically with the officer’s own hands, or to use deadly force, unfortunately. The police are also armed and often carry a weapon therefore the use of force has the potential to be lethal. The officer’s sympathetic nervous system becomes abnormally active. JUS-104, Introduction to Justice Studies. It is not a question of should or whether, but when and how much. There are several interpretations as to what is considered an excessive amount of force, which can vary from using bean bags guns, chemical spray, or batons. They are to decide when and how to act when presented with violations of the law. One extra baton strike, shove or control holds can make the difference between an officer doing his job and being sent to prison (Alpert & Smith, 1994). According to Buker (2005), “the term of use of force describes having the right or authority to resolve conflicts or to avoid certain actions by applying measures to either: deter another party from a particular course of action, or to physically intervene to stop them (pg210).” A major cause for police use of force is the belief that police officers are solders in a war on crime. Police officers are authorized to use force under certain circumstances, for instance; controlling a disruptive, aggressive and disturbing emonstration, undergoing arrest of an accused person or controlling a combative individual. Police brutality should be punished because people become afraid of policemen. There are several different types of force. Another case of police brutality happened in Brooklyn, NY a citizen by the name of Michael Mineo claimed he was sodomized with a baton by police officers. It is really only up to the officers to do the right thing. Law enforcement officers may define the use of force as, taking all actions to bring a hostile situation to a more manageable status. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. It’s either reasonable or criminal. They were expected to maintain order, yet they lacked legitimacy and remained shackled to a partisan, often corrupt, institutional structure in which they were encouraged to use their influence and muscle for overtly political tasks, such as safeguarding their patrons and quelling labor unrest. They have the power to infringe upon any citizen’s rights to freedom and therefore they must use this power effectively. When handling a certain situation police officers have a variety of force options from which they can choose. Police use of force can be described as being the “amount of effort required by police to compel compliance by an unwilling subject.” (nij.gov, p.1) The stages of force police use are simple verbal and physical restraint, less lethal force and lethal force. Published Date: 23 Mar 2015 Last Modified: 03 Jul 2017 Disclaimer: This essay has been written and submitted by students and is not an example of our work. Even back then, before the formation of professional law enforcement bodies, people felt concern when it came to the granting of power and authority to the police as they were rightly apprehensive over what they were afraid would become another occupying force. Other times they represent a just demand for recognition and redress for damaged bodies and spirits. Sometimes these allegations are baseless, a product of misunderstanding what might justify lawful force or of false accusation (Matthew, 2006). 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