In European folklore, an early flowering of the European spindle tree was a sure sign that an outbreak of the plague was on the horizon. Twigs are thin and straight. Shutterstock. Have tree and plant questions? Contents. Unlike other seasons, fall offers a variety of fruit, some in pink such as the capsules of the European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) or berries of some mountain ashes including dwarf mountain ash (Sorbus reducta). These fruits appear on the European spindle tree in the late summer and early fall. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. Appearance . Our future. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. Image of fruit, pink, nature - 30702652 Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Unique little orange and pink . Although slender in youth, it typically matures to a rounded form. Fantastic spindle tree-euonymus europaeus -detail of the red fruits with bright orange seeds , decorative flowering plant for gardens. The spindle’s botanical name, Euonymus, is from the Greek ‘eu’, meaning ‘good’ and ‘onoma’, meaning ‘name’. The poison includes several glycosides: evobioside, evomonoside, evonoside. euonymus europaeus. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. In eastern Europe, gutta-percha resin is extracted from this plant. leaf. Just pick them carefully from the tree and store them in paper or cotton bags or in buckets. November. 1 General Description. Abstract macro close up of fruit and flower of the spindle tree, euonymus europaeus. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. Closeup of the mature fruits of a european spindle tree in late autumn. The oil from the seed was a successful treatment against parasites, lice, and ticks. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. Use enter to activate. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Download this stock image: European Spindle Tree (Euonymus europaea), fruits and seeds - XB83HJ from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Simple, opposite leaves; oval with finely toothed edges; 1 to 3 inches long; dark green. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Its berries are a source of food for birds like starlings. Industrious, delicate, colourful. Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) when the spindle is in leaf. It has small flowers which grow in clusters in May and June. 01564169 . It bears small greenish-white flowers, in loose clusters, during May and June, followed by an abundance of fruits. Delivery is free. European spindle-tree Family: Celastraceae: tree. Fruits: 4-lobed red fruits with orange seeds 2-2.5m Euonymus europaeus Red Fruits and Orange seeds of Euonymus europaeus Euonymus europaeus is a twiggy upright spreading deciduous shrub native to Europe with narrowly ovate leaves which are dark green in … Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. a branch of the spindle with a dark background. Photo about Closeup of the mature fruits of a european spindle tree in late autumn. Both the leaves and fruit are toxic to humans – the berries having a laxative effect. 1.1 Leaves; 1.2 Flowers; 1.3 Fruit; 2 Habitat; 3 Commercially Available; 4 Look-alikes. Identified in winter by: the vivid pink fruits which have bright orange seeds. Birds easily spread the seeds; this plant is becoming invasive in some areas. Euonymus europaeus, commonly called European spindletree, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native from Europe to western Asia. Buds and twigs are angular and green. Chinese Spindle Tree fruit also known as Euonymus Hamiltonianus Spindle tree and ripe fruits Fantastic spindle tree-euonymus europaeus -detail of the red fruits with bright orange seeds , decorative flowering plant for gardenss This is said to have meant ‘lucky’. Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas. After pollination, flowers develop into bright pink fruits with bright orange seeds, which look a bit like popcorn. Sven Zacek / European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) covered in pink berries, Varumaa county, Southern Estonia. We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. the fruits of a spindle tree, euonymus europaea, growing in the wild. Euonymus / juːˈɒnɪməs / is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae. The spindle is at its loveliest in autumn when its leaves turn russet and its pink and orange fruits ripen. Return to Land Gallery. Facts. Inconspicuous; yellow green flowers with four petals. ---Description---The Spindle Tree found in our hedges and copses is a smooth-leaved shrub. 01646700. It is moderately threatening to native communities. Download european spindle tree stock photos. Foliage. European spindletree. Building the urban forest for 2050. The leaves have very short stalks, are opposite in pairs and have minute teeth on the margin. The European spindle tree (E. europaeus), which grows to 6 metres (20 feet), keeps its poisonous pink and orange fruits after the leaves fall. Nick Upton / Spindle tree berries (Euonymus europaeus) with orange seeds visible … Spindle is native to much of Europe and can be found most commonly on the edges of forests and in hedges, scrub and hedgerows. Other articles where European spindle tree is discussed: Euonymus: The European spindle tree (E. europaeus), which grows to 6 metres (20 feet), keeps its poisonous pink and orange fruits after the leaves fall. Its fruits are a similar shape to popcorn. Spindle tree berries (Euonymus europaeus) with orange seeds visible within splitting capsular fruits, Wiltshire, UK, September. Twigs are thin and straight. The leaves also attract aphids and their predators, including hoverflies, ladybirds and lacewings, as well as the house sparrow and other species of bird. Go to list of cultivars. Today, spindle timber is used to make high-quality charcoal for artists. An upright narrow shrub or tree reaching 12 to 25 feet high and 10 to 20 feet wide becoming more rounded with age. Opposite, simple, elliptical, 2.5 to 4 inches long, finely serrated, long pointed, green above, paler and may be pubescent below. European spindle tree is on the watch list in Vermont, meaning the plant has invasive tendencies, but is not yet prohibited. If you spot it while you're out exploring, it could be a sign you're standing in a rare and special habitat. Our communities. The European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea, is a deciduous UK-native tree that is most identifiable by its clusters of white flowers that appear in early summer, transforming into vivid pink fruits with bright orange seeds by the autumn, also the time when the leaves turn a spectacular shade of crimson. It is found all over Europe in well-lit deciduous forests, and shrub growths along roads. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. Habitats: Woods, scrub and hedges, usually on calcareous soils[9, 17]. Spindle-tree, spindle tree, European spindle tree, European euonymus, common spindle tree. The strange fruits of the spindle tree should be collected during October when they are pink. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. Genus Euonymus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, often with fine autumn colour, and small flowers followed by colourful fruits Details E. europaeus is a spreading deciduous shrub to 3m, with narrowly ovate leaves turning yellow or red in autumn, and panicles of small yellow flowers followed by 4-lobed red fruits which split to reveal orange seeds Spindle Tree, European spindletree: Family: Celastraceae: USDA hardiness: 3-7: Known Hazards: Poisonous. It is native to Europe but has been introduced worldwide for ornamental purposes. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. Range: Europe, including Britain, from Sweden suth and east to Spain, the Caucasus and W. Asia. Cases … This plant has some cultivated varieties. The berries of the tree are not entirely unuseful, however. White seeds coated in orange flesh and pink capsules distinguish this plant from other Euonymus species. It bears red pods in the fall, which often attract the attention of children. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. It is easily identified in winter by its vivid pink fruits. Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas. Spindle is a deciduous native tree, and mature trees grow to 9m and can live for more than 100 years. Common names vary widely among different species and between different English-speaking countries, but include spindle (or spindle tree ), burning-bush, strawberry-bush, wahoo, wintercreeper, or simply euonymus. - spindle berries stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. In eastern Europe, gutta-percha resin is extracted from this plant. The leaves are shiny and slightly waxy, and have tiny sharp teeth along the edges. These burst open when ripe and release white seeds with an orange coating. Common Name: European spindletree Family Name : Celastraceae - Bittersweet family Native Range: Eurasia NJ Status: Emerging Stage 1 – Rare (may be locally common). Cultivated forms of the tree are also grown in gardens for autumn colour. This plant has some cultivated varieties. The growth form is often that of a small tree, or less often a shrub. Flowers have four petals and grow in clusters in May and June, and are pollinated by insects. Often simply called the spindle tree, it has other common names including European euonymus, prick timber, prickwood, … Spindle is hermaphrodite, meaning each flower contains both male and female reproductive parts. 01588906. The leaves are eaten by caterpillars of moths, including the magpie, spindle ermine and scorched, as well as the holly blue butterfly. Ernie Janes / Spindle (Euonymus europacus) berries. branch. Euonymus europaeus, the spindle, European spindle, or common spindle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to much of Europe, where it inhabits the edges of forest, hedges and gentle slopes, tending to thrive on nutrient-rich, chalky and salt-poor soils. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree. bark. Euonymus europaeus . Registered in England No. This is a shrub or a small tree with an irregular crown. Images of this species: Common look-alikes: Identification. Our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone helps you identify the UK's native and non-native trees. Identified in winter by: the vivid pink fruits which have bright orange seeds. Images © protected Woodland Trust. It produces small yellowish-green, … Pink and Orange Flowers of Spindle Tree. This plant is most often known as the European spindle tree, a name that comes from the fact that the stems are hard and at one time were sharpened into weaving spindles. 1982873. … euonymus europaeus, spindle, european spindle, common spindle, tree, fruit, red, branch, bush, shrub, plant Public Domain The flowers are a rich source of nectar and pollen for insects such as the St Mark’s fly. Spindle-tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting seed capsules. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. The wood is used for pegs and spindles, and several varieties of the spindle tree are grown as … It is often planted as a decorative plant in parks. It has opposite, lanceolate to elliptical leaves with finely serrated edges that are dark green in the summer, turning yellow-green to reddish-purple in the autumn. Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) is a large, vigorous, deciduous shrub or small tree with oval leaves and distinctive, colorful fruits. Redcap spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus 'Redcap'):  This cultivar yields a large crop of persistent, bright capsules with orange seeds; the plants medium green leaves turn reddish-purple in the fall. The tiny whitish-green flowers borne on long stalks and the white seeds surrounded by orange flesh distinguish European spindle-tree from other spindle-trees (Euonymus species ). Unlike other seasons, fall offers a variety of fruit, some in pink such as the capsules of the European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) or berries of some mountain ashes including dwarf mountain ash (Sorbus reducta). Fall color is variable, from yellow to reddish-purple. Wildlife loves its leaves and fruit, and aphids flock to it, bringing with them an array of their predators. VAT No. This is small but interesting and appears as a shrubs particularly on the chalk downs and locally on lime-rich soils. GB520 6111 04. The wood is used for pegs and spindles, and several varieties of… Buds and twigs are angular and green. Spindle is a deciduous native tree, and mature trees grow to 9m and can live for more than 100 years. The fruits were once baked and powdered and used to treat head lice or mange in cattle. November is the ideal time to save and germinate tree seeds – the fruits are starting to dry and seed pods are splitting open. The following menu has 3 levels. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. macro shot of spindle tree (european evonymus) - spindle berries stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. No further details. In the past it was used to make ‘spindles’ for spinning and holding wool (hence its name), as well as skewers, toothpicks, pegs and knitting needles. However, in some areas, it was also thought that if the spindle flowered early, an outbreak of the plague was on the way. European Spindle tree European Spindle-tree. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. It grows, often rapidly, to 12-20’ (less frequently to 30’) tall. The bark and twigs are deep green, becoming darker with age, and have light brown, corky markings. Spindle-tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting seed capsules. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. SC038885). Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Our trees. Euonymus europaeus commonly known as Spindle Tree is native to Europe and Western Asia. Bob Gibbons/ FLPA / European Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) with fruit, Saxon village area, Transylvania, Romania / 80077713 Spindle is not a particularly well known wood. Mature trees can live for over 100 years. a wild bush with a very curious fruit in its shape and pink color. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Bats about trees: winter Broadleaf is out now, Five ways to prepare your garden for winter wildlife. The seeds of Euonymus europaeus are dormant and need to be ‘stratified’ (exposed to cold, damp conditions) to trigger them into growth. Pangium edule fruit. Stop by, email, or call. buds : The leaves of Euonymus europaea are simple, opposite, unlobed and finely toothed. fruit. This plant yields attractive, showy pink to reddish capsules that open to reveal orange seeds. Spindle timber is creamy-white, hard and dense. Transform your home into a woodland wonderland this Christmas with our easy ideas for festive, foraged home decor. Euonymus europaeus is a l arge shrub or small tree that reaches 30 feet in height. Best ornamental features are its showy fall fruit and sometimes superb fall leaf color. Spindle is an ancient-woodland indicator. Its bark is deep green, becoming darker with age. The undersides of the leaves are glabrous, unlike the similar E. atropurpureus, which has leaves with pubescent undersides. 294344) and in Scotland (No. Fruits of spindle tree. Linda Pitkin / Spindle (Euonymus europaeus), fruit, Riddlesdown, Surrey, England, September. Spindle has bright pink fruits with orange seeds. The fruits were baked and powdered, and used to treat head lice or mange in cattle. Spindle may be affected by vine weevil, spider mite and a sap-feeding scale insect, which can cause dieback. It thrives in chalky soils and is less common in Scotland. 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